Supervised Child Visitation - Information for Litigants


Categories of Supervised Visitation Providers

    There are three categories of providers.

    The Non-Professional Provider is any person who is not paid for providing supervised visitation services. The most common person in this category is a friend or a family member. Unless otherwise ordered by the court or stipulated by the parties, the Non-Professional Provider should meet the following requirements:

  • Be 21 years of age or older;
  • Have no conviction for driving under the influence (DUI) within the last 5 years;
  • Not have been on probation or parole for the last 10 years;
  • Have no record of a conviction for child molestation, child abuse, or other crimes against a person;
  • Have proof of automobile insurance if transporting the child;
  • Have no civil, criminal, or juvenile restraining orders within the last 10 years;
  • Have no current or past court order in which the provider is the person being supervised;
  • Not be financially dependent on the person being supervised;
  • Have no conflict of interest; and
  • Agree to adhere to and enforce the court order regarding supervised visitation.

The Professional Provider is any person paid for providing visitation services, or an independent contractor, employee, intern, or volunteer operating independently or through a supervised visitation center or agency. Compensation arrangements must be made between the parties and the provider. The Professional Provider should meet the following requirements:

  • Be 21 years of age or older;
  • Have no conviction for driving under the influence (DUI) within the last 5 years;
  • Not have been on probation or parole for the last 10 years;
  • Have no record of a conviction for child molestation, child abuse, or other crimes against a person;
  • Have proof of automobile insurance if transporting the child;
  • Have no civil, criminal, or juvenile restraining orders within the last 10 years;
  • Have no current or past court order in which the provider is the person being supervised;
  • Be able to speak the language of the party being supervised and of the child, or the provider must provide a neutral interpreter over the age of 18 who is able to do so;
  • Have no conflict of interest;
  • Agree to adhere to and enforce the court order regarding supervised visitation and;
  • Met the training requirement set forth in Cal. Fam. Code 3200.5(d)(1).

A Therapeutic Provider is a licensed mental health professional paid for providing supervised visitation services, including a psychiatrist, a psychologist, a clinical social worker, a marriage and family counselor, or interns working under direct supervision of a qualified licensed mental health professional. Compensation arrangements must be made between the parties and the provider. A therapeutic provider should meet the qualifications of a professional provider listed above.

  • All providers should make every reasonable effort to assure the safety and welfare of the child and adults during the visitation.
  • All providers should maintain neutrality and not discuss the merits of the case or agree with or support one party over another.  Any discussion between a provider and the parties should be for the purposes of arranging visitation and providing for the safety of the children.
  • Please note that communications between parties and providers of supervised visitation are not protected by any privilege of confidentiality.
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Frequently Asked Questions


  • What is supervised visitation?
  • Supervised Visitation can be defined as visitation limited to special situations where a third party, ordered by the court, is present with the visiting parent during the period of visitation. Supervised or monitored visitation may occur when there is a need to protect children because of substance abuse, child abuse or neglect, family violence, or other serious problems, or when children are getting to know a previously absent parent.

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  • Who can be a supervised visitation monitor?
  • The Supervised Visitation Monitor, also known as the “provider”, can be a friend, relative, paid independent contractor, or a volunteer operating independently or through a supervised visitation center or agency. The provider must adhere to the California Standards of Judicial Administration (Standard 5.20), including qualifications.

    Please note that who will provide the supervised visitation and the manner and terms in which supervision is provided is determined by the Judge at your court hearing, or through a stipulation of the parties.

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  • Once you leave court with an order for Supervised Visitation, how do you find a provider?
  • If the Court orders a professional or therapeutic provider, it is recommended that you do your research to select a provider who meets the qualifications, who follows the standards of supervised visitation and, equally important, provides a friendly, safe and fair environment and relationship for everyone in your family.

    As a public service, the Superior Court of California, County of Riverside has a Supervised Visitation Provider List available. Although the court is making this list available, the court has not and does not screen or evaluate the providers, their facilities, or the information they have provided. (Disclaimer)

    Supervised Visitation providers can be found through telephone directories, on-line inquiries, and other media publications. When selecting a supervised visitation monitor you should find someone who is the best fit for the family to provide these vital services. You could interview the providers and ask them questions about their qualifications. You could ask for a tour of the facility or the public places used to provide the services so you can determine if the provider, and the setting, is right for you and your children.

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  • How do you know if the supervised visitation monitor is qualified?
  • The California Standards of Judicial Administration has uniform standards of practice for providers of supervised visitation (Standard 5.20), including qualifications.

    Unless otherwise specified in Standard 5.20, the standards of practice are designed to apply to all providers of supervised visitation, whether the provider is a friend, relative, paid independent contractor, or a volunteer operating independently or through a supervised visitation center or agency.

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© 2011 Superior Court of California, County of Riverside